Deep Dungeons of Doom

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Steam Page

Steam Christmas sales are the  best for picking up cheap games even cheaper. I can usually pick up a few games for less than a dollar. These games are usually “Review Bait” in that I expect the game to take less than a week to complete. I complain if a game takes too long (looking at you, JRPGs).

\ [T] / Praise the sun

Deep Dungeons of Doom probably gives you about as much as you’d expect from a game titled Deep Dungeons of Doom. It has zero in the way of characters or character development. But we didn’t come here for the character development which is why I find it weird that there’s a point in the game where they try to turn on the feels. This game cannot have feels, it’s just not that kind of game.

DDD ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°) is a fast-paced dungeon diver game. You go into dungeons to get gold to upgrade your characters to make yourself stronger so you can go into dungeons to get gold to… huh. You only have 3 characters to focus on but I managed to beat the game using only one. The Crusader (420 Praise It). What little “Plot” there is serves only to guide you to the Deepest Dungeon which likely contains your doom. The Deepest Dungeon of Doom, some may call it, in which you have a showdown with Satan (not even kidding). You beat Satan, everyone parties, and we call it a day.

The controls are simple (once you get used to them). Up, Down, Left, Right, Space, and C. Simple enough. Combat relies on being able to read your opponents. You attack using the Right key and it has a cooldown based on your agility. If you mess up and try to attack when it’s on cooldown you can mess up a perfect rhythm resulting in your death and losing all of that swag you got while going into the dungeon. You should block every attack that comes your way. If you can do that, easy game. Trying to read your opponent’s attacks becomes a satisfying gamble at later levels. Will their attack come up before mine is finished executing, thus preventing me from being able to block it? Mind games. The game is as long as it needs to be.

If I were to complain about something in the game, it would probably be that it’s too easy. The number of frames your block works for is incredibly high. There were quite a few times where I should have been late to block but I wasn’t. The game tends to get tedious towards the end when you know every enemy’s usual attack pattern and playing it safe with the blocks works every time. Also, some items are broken. I picked up the totally-not-the-green-lantern-ring late in the game which reduced magic damage by 70%. Tack that onto my base defenses reducing magic damage by 10-15% and I was taking 1 magic damage from all magic enemies. Except this dungeon had nothing except for magic enemies. So easiest dungeon of my life to be honest.

Overall, the game is a fairly decent time-sink and since it was only $1 who am I to complain. I got 6 hours out of it without unlocking all of the content. I imagine another 6 will probably have me 100% it Anyway, thanks for reading.

Artemis Hunt

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Deep Dungeons of Doom

Eternal Senia

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Steam Page

Think I might take a leaf from Jim Sterling’s book and call this “Babby’s First Game”. What do we see here? Another JRPG made with RPG Maker. Artwork looks incredibly same-y to all other RPG Maker games. The story (the core component of any JRPG) is terrible and doesn’t really make sense. The characters don’t make sense. Very little is explained which would work as a storytelling device if like in Dark Souls there were hints hidden around the world. But there ain’t any such hints!

This game is incredibly easy. It has a collision based combat system which actually got me into trouble quite a few times. Not too sure on the mechanics of it. It’s not terribly difficult to just grind until you can do everything. Hell, there are special maps designed for them (Called “Arcane Realms”) which reeks of terrible development. If you design a map with the express purpose of grinding, you completely messed up in your development cycle. Honestly, I don’t think there is ever an excuse for grinding to be a necessary component in your game. Grinding serves only to pad out the run-length. And as I went through the later levels I could smell the reeking scent of “padding out the run-time”. Pro-tip: If you’re going to pad something in your game, pad the bras not the run-length.

The mechanics can be annoying to get used to. Not sure why every attack on a boss has to knock you back. This becomes especially annoying later in the game when spells are directed at where you were and not where you are. So you get targeted, run forward, attack, get knocked into where you were, take the free damage. Many of the game’s puzzles (especially in fights) can become annoying because your combat skills are on QWER but sometimes there are elements in the scene you have to interact with using Z. This is annoying because when I was in “Combat mode” I had my left hand at the top of the keyboard, but upon realizing that I needed to use Z, I had to shift my hand awkwardly. Control design IS part of game design and is a criteria that should be considered.

I honestly don’t know why this game has so many positive reviews on Steam. The soundtrack is… okay I guess. Nothing memorable. The story looks like it was written by some Tumblr user that wanted a lesbian-not-lesbian romance story between two sisters. I understand that the game is short, but shoot, so is Momodora and I felt a much stronger connection to that game. Took about the same amount of time to beat too.

Anyway, those are my thoughts. Thanks for reading.

Eternal Senia

Pokémon Moon

I hope you guys appreciate the effort I had to go through to get that accented e (so, 10 seconds of Google)

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As you may have guessed from my number of game reviews, this one was inevitable. I’m actually trying to get more game reviews in but I’ve got JRPGs on the list and ugh… JRPGs. Also my friend is making me duo queue with him on League of Legends so that eats up time. Anyway, on to the actual game review.

This game is a huge letdown but then again, it’s my fault for getting hyped about the game in the first place. Cutscene after cutscene and whether or not you can skip them is up in the air. I assume no, because I tried to skip the opening cutscene but to no avail. Look Game Freak, the majority of your audience has been playing Pokemon since before Gen IV. We don’t like cutscenes. Allow us to skip them.

You know, while we’re talking about cutscenes, I remember the games in Unova, Gen V I think. There was a streetpass thing where you had to get people to answer questionaires and it was a total flop because you could only do it if you were in the same room as the person. Literally zero Americans have access to more than like 5 people in this manner. Genius. Anyway, if I remember correctly, there was an option to answer questions yourself and send the content to Game Freak and one of those questions was “What do you like most about Pokemon”. I answered story and maybe it’s my fault. See, when I was playing Pokemon, the story consisted of stopping villains from stealing all of the Pokemon and it never took longer than 10 seconds to press A through all of their dialogue, 20 if they were particularly chatty. But maybe Game Freak took this as “We need to add cutscenes because the best part of any game is the part that you’re not actually playing it”. And can we like, add an option to skip the learning to Battle/Catch stuff? Again, most of us have been playing Pokemon for over 15 years (20 years in my case). I’ve been playing Pokemon since before I knew how to read (a relative had to play it with me and read stuff for me). We know how to catch Pokemon, it’s okay. If you want to include it for the newbies that don’t know, the guys coming in to the Pokemon series, fine. Just add a simple yes/no box “Do you want to learn to catch Pokemon?”. And while we’re at it, can we also find a way to skip the egg hatching animation? I set up the eggs, I think I know what’s going to come out of it.

The story isn’t even good. It’s almost like the game was designed… for… kids… …

Anyway the new Pokemon all have terrible speed stats and half of the new Pokemon are old Pokemon with new types. Alolan Ninetails is super bae, Ultra Beasts are Ultra Gay. To be honest, I actually rather like many of the new Pokemon. The design concepts are actually quite appealing. The changing of types and abilities is actually well-done. It livens up the game a bit for oldies like me that have played since we were getting potty trained. Gonna have to draw attention to Alolan Golem though.

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I’m not trying to be racist or anything, but the dude looks like a Sikh and learns explosion. I’m not saying inspired by real world events or anything… … Kappa. My main issue with most of the Pokemon is that their speed stats are often too low. My competitive team involves only two Alolan Pokemon (Alolan Ninetails and Alolan Sandslash to be exact) which I think is kind of cheating since Ninetails and Sandslash have been around since Gen I. As far as the competitive scene goes, I’m actually pretty pissed because Ultra Beasts have cancerous type setups and some really cancerous strategies. Celesteela is a Steel/Flying type with Toxic and Leech Seed strats. It’s broken. My friend can combo them with his Drought setup team but I have trouble with it.

I think the best change is the removal of the need for Hidden Machines or HMs. These were moves that you had to teach to your Pokemon to progress on the map. This. Was. Horrible. Your Pokemon can only learn four moves and the need for 5-7 HMs to complete the game wound up with a situation in which your Pokemon had to have gimped movesets just to complete the game. You can forget these moves in post-game, but I don’t see the point in having them in the first place. It ultimately wound up with 1 Pokemon having all of its moves be HMs and another two having an HM or two on them. This game solves that problem with “Ride Pokemon” that you can call at any time. Noice.

An… interesting change is the addition of Z-moves. Once per battle you may power up an attack. In the case of offensive attacks, it does damage through protect. In the case of status attacks, usually raises the user’s stat or has some special effect. For example, Destiny Bond is a move that knocks out the Pokemon that knocks it out. If you use it as a Z-move, then the enemy can only attack that Pokemon. There are some interesting strategies to go with these status moves (which are far stronger than a bonus 20-40 power boost if you ask me).

Checking IVs is now easier, you do it from the PC. And training EVs is now easier, you can do it with Exp. Share + S.O.S. chaining. It’s a vast improvement from the prior system of horde battles. Mainly because you can do it every battle. Horde battles were random and I think there was an item you could use to force one to happen, but I don’t think it was sold in stores. In Pokemon Moon, the item to make S.O.S. chains happen more frequently IS sold in stores. So easy.

Mega-Evolutions are still here because why wouldn’t they be. You can mega-evolve and Z-move except not on the same Pokemon because both mega-evolution and Z-moves take up an item slot. I still think mega-evolution is too powerful, gaining 20 in every stat is just too strong. But whatever. What do I know compared to the people in Game Freak.

Overall, the game ranks in the middle for me. I like the things they improved, I dislike the things they made worse. My biggest complain is probably the lack of a looping breeding path. I got so spoiled in ORAS. But hey, ya win some, ya lose some. Thanks for reading.

Artemis Hunt

Pokémon Moon

Revisiting Abortion

Ohio state recently passed a bill making abortion illegal after the first heartbeat, so I guess with the heated political climate (especially since President-Elect Trump has stated that he will be appointing ‘pro-life’ Justices to the SCOTUS) now is as good of a time as any to revisit the topic. Some of you may recall that the conclusion that I came to last time; that is, abortion is a difficult topic. I maintain that conclusion. However in part of the post I offer a rebuttal to ‘bodily rights’ argument. The day I began writing this post, I was pointed towards this really old abortion defense paper written by Judith Thomson.

Before I discuss the paper, I figure we should first talk about Judith Thomson or as it may be more proper to call her, Dr. Judith Thomson. Dr. Thomson has a B.A., an M.A. and a Ph.D. One thing you will note being absent, is an M.D. Dr. Thomson is not a medical doctor, her degrees are all in philosophy. Which is oddly appropriate, because the paper itself is not about the medical consequences of abortion, but the logic and morality that come about from opposing it.

The conclusion I came up with is that it’s a very difficult issue and the safest option is to outlaw abortion. It is obvious that the fetus is human (it has two human parents). Whether or not it’s alive may be up to debate, but I concluded that it was alive and was no different to a child outside the womb in its dependence on a caretaker. Since murdering children outside the womb is illegal, why should an exception be made for children inside the womb? Perhaps Dr. Thomson will provide me with an answer in her essay. Let’s look at it.

“Most opposition to abortion relies on the premise that the fetus is a human being, a person, from the moment of conception. […] We are asked to notice that the development of a human being from conception through birth into childhood is continuous; then it is said that to draw a line, to choose a point in this development and say “before this point the thing is not a person, after this point it is a person” is to make an arbitrary choice, a choice for which in the nature of things no good reason can be given. It is concluded that the fetus is. or anyway that we had better say it is, a person from the moment of conception. But this conclusion does not follow. Similar things might be said about the development of an acorn into an oak trees, and it does not follow that acorns are oak trees, or that we had better say they are. Arguments of this form are sometimes called “slippery slope arguments“–the phrase is perhaps self-explanatory–and it is dismaying that opponents of abortion rely on them so heavily and uncritically” – A Defense of Abortion

So Dr. Thomson is criticizing the usage of slippery slope arguments. I strongly disagree with her because law is all about slippery slope. If a premise to legalized gay marriage could be used to legalize… I dunno, robot marriage then you can bet your sweet patootie that it’ll be used to legalize robot marriage. So I’m sorry Dr. Thomson, but I must reject your notion here. However, this isn’t the focus of your essay so I don’t care too much that we differ in opinion here.

“I am inclined to agree, however, that the prospects for “drawing a line” in the development of the fetus look dim. I am inclined to think also that we shall probably have to agree that the fetus has already become a human person well before birth. […] On the other hand, I think that the premise is false, that the fetus is not a person from the moment of conception. A newly fertilized ovum, a newly implanted clump of cells, is no more a person than an acorn is an oak tree” – A Defense of Abortion

Dr. Thomson doesn’t explain why a newly fertilized ovum is no more a person than an acorn is an oak tree. But it seems like a bit of a leap. Such a claim would be similar to saying that a newly fertilized ovum is a human adult. No one is making such a claim (to my knowledge). The claim (I believe) she is making is that immature cells are not equivalent to matured cells. It seems irrelevant, because (barring abortions) fundamental human rights are afforded to all humans in the U.S. Whether you’re a babe or a geriatric old man, you have the same rights and are protected by the same laws. She also provides no evidence to support her claim and considering she has no medical degree, I’m not inclined to believe her. And I’ve yet to be presented with any decrees made by a national organization of doctors that says “actually the fetus isn’t a human and here’s why”. So in my ignorance I will continue to assume that the fetus is human because it has human parents. The difficulty (and I point this out in my other post) is in determining whether or not the fetus has rights yet. I’m inclined to think yes, others are inclined to disagree.

Dr. Thomson then proceeds to set up scenarios acting under the assumption that the fetus is a human person with all of the rights afforded to it. She begins with the case of the violinist.

“You wake up in the morning and find yourself back to back in bed with an unconscious violinist. A famous unconscious violinist. He has been found to have a fatal kidney ailment, and the Society of Music Lovers has canvassed all the available medical records and found that you alone have the right blood type to help. They have therefore kidnapped you, and last night the violinist’s circulatory system was plugged into yours, so that your kidneys can be used to extract poisons from his blood as well as your own. The director of the hospital now tells you, “Look, we’re sorry the Society of Music Lovers did this to you–we would never have permitted it if we had known. But still, they did it, and the violinist is now plugged into you. To unplug you would be to kill him. But never mind, it’s only for nine months. By then he will have recovered from his ailment, and can safely be unplugged from you.” Is it morally incumbent on you to accede to this situation? No doubt it would be very nice of you if you did, a great kindness. But do you have to accede to it? What if it were not nine months, but nine years? Or longer still? What if the director of the hospital says. “Tough luck. I agree. but now you’ve got to stay in bed, with the violinist plugged into you, for the rest of your life. Because remember this. All persons have a right to life, and violinists are persons. Granted you have a right to decide what happens in and to your body, but a person’s right to life outweighs your right to decide what happens in and to your body. So you cannot ever be unplugged from him.” – A Defense of Abortion

I believe the reader is supposed to reach one of two conclusions. Either rights overriding other rights is tricky, or the right to one’s body outweighs the right of someone else to live (or both). I agree with the principle, but not in the way it’s being presented. All it does is point out that this is a very difficult issue to analyze and the answers aren’t in black and white. She then follows it up with this: “In this case, of course, you were kidnapped, you didn’t volunteer for the operation that plugged the violinist into your kidneys.”

She’s probably trying to connect this situation to that of pregnancy. If she is, I’m sorry to say that she did it backwards. The parents implicitly choose to have children during sex. For this example to work, it would have to be the fault of the kidnapping victim that the violinist came down with this kidney ailment. In which case, while I may not agree that the kidnapping victim be hooked up to them by machine, SOME manner of reparation would be due to the violinist. A reparation that is not part of this argument, but I suspect being hooked up to the machine could be one such reparation. In short: the example proves useful only to tell us that which we already know, human rights can be a difficult issue when overlapped.

She then follows it up with a few remarks regarding absolute abortion opposition.

“Nor do they make an exception for a case in which the mother has to spend the nine months of her pregnancy in bed. They would agree that would be a great pity, and hard on the mother; but all the same, all persons have a right to life, the fetus is a person, and so on. I suspect, in fact, that they would not make an exception for a case in which, miraculously enough, the pregnancy went on for nine years, or even the rest of the mother’s life.” – A Defense of Abortion

First, mothers do not spend nine months pregnancy in bed. A vast majority of mothers don’t even know that they are pregnant until they are like two months in. Presumably the mother has a job and continues to work for this duration. And considering the work culture in the U.S. she also works for a few months more as well. But that’s kind of a silly point and its inclusion in this paragraph is an appeal to emotion. I bolded the last sentence of the paragraph because it’s a reduction to the absurd. First, if pregnancies took nine years, I imagine we as a species would find it commonplace and would see it as no different than the current situation of it taking nine months. It seems extreme due to that being 1/8 of a human lifespan but in reality using it as an example brings with it some other fantastical scenarios. The same deal with it taking the rest of the mother’s life. Such a scenario is irrelevant because if it were the case, it would be baked into our species. So it’s incredible to us because we don’t live in such a world, and again, serves only as an appeal to emotion.

Since I do not take the extreme point of view in that abortion is never acceptable, I will not address her inclusion of it in her paper. I personally would permit abortions in two situations. One – the life of the mother is endangered. This comes from a view of pragmatism. The mother is here now, and (obviously) fertile. The mother provides more to the species than an unborn child which may not make it to puberty (especially without a mother). The second case is rape. This is because I view sex, even with contraceptives, (actually moreso with contraceptives) as an implicit agreement to bear children. In rape, no such agreement is made, so the ‘contract’ that is made between parents and nature is not valid. I do not believe Dr. Thomson shares my view in that a nuanced position is necessary,  and believes rather that all abortions should be legal.

Dr. Thomson makes some interesting and entirely unimportant comments throughout the paper. One such example is this:

“The extreme view could of course be weakened to say that while abortion is permissible to save the mother’s life, it may not be performed by a third party, but only by the mother herself. But this cannot be right either” – A Defense of Abortion

I understand the idea of “abortions” being done with coat hangers and willful falls down stairs. But this does not help her argument at all. You can easily liken this to a father driving his son to school one day and suddenly deciding that he wants to kill his son in an inconspicuous manner. So he gambles on his probability of surviving a car accident being  higher than that of his son, and willfully crashes the car. This is still attempted murder. By definition: “Attempted murder is the failed or aborted attempt to murder another person”.

“For what we have to keep in mind is that the mother and the unborn child are not like two tenants in a small house which has, by an unfortunate mistake, been rented to both: the mother owns the house. The fact that she does adds to the offensiveness of deducing that the mother can do nothing from the supposition that third parties can do nothing” – A Defense of Abortion

So I do agree that the mother does own the house. 100% agree. You own your body. And I don’t think that those in opposition to abortion disagree either. But I thought we were operating under the assumption that the unborn child is a human with rights to live. In addition, are we not acting under the assumption that the child is the mother’s child? If we are, then kicking your child to the cold to die is child abuse, and is criminal. If the child isn’t, well then you’re just an asshole, but within your rights (to my knowledge).

Dr. Thomson will now reach the case in which it is necessary to save the mother.

“For we should now, at long last, ask what it comes to, to have a right to life. In some views having a right to life includes having a right to be given at least the bare minimum one needs for continued life. But suppose that what in fact IS the bare minimum a man needs for continued life is something he has no right at all to be given?” – A Defense of Abortion

I’m just going to point out the irony in which leftists demand higher minimum wages and healthcare because it’s their right as a human being but also turn around and use the latter part of this paragraph to justify abortion. In all honesty, I personally agree with the conclusion because I tend to have libertarian views especially regarding property. One might then attempt to extend it to the case of pregnancy. But your children actually do have an implicit right to your property in such a case that it is necessary for their survival. To willfully deny your children the necessities (food, water, shelter) is child neglect. This is still illegal. The only way around this is to attempt an argument to suggest that the child inside of you is not your own… which is a humourous suggestion with no way of being proven true barring that of being a surrogate. In the case of a surrogate, you agreed to carry the child, so you don’t get to abort it.

“In the most ordinary sort of case, to deprive someone of what he has a right to is to treat him unjustly. […] suppose that, having learned that otherwise it means nine years in bed with that violinist, you unplug yourself from him. You surely are not being unjust to him, for you gave him no right to use your kidneys, and no one else can have given him any such right. But we have to notice that in unplugging yourself, you are killing him; and violinists, like everybody else, have a right to life, and thus in the view we were considering just now, the right not to be killed. So here you do what he supposedly has a right you shall not do, but you do not act unjustly to him in doing it.” – A Defense of Abortion

Again, she attempts to use this fantastical setup of the violinist to draw conclusions. But I think she has come to the wrong conclusion here. And we come into this situation of ‘two wrongs make a right’. Murder is illegal in the United States, but not unilaterally illegal. It is permissible to kill someone in self-defense. You are not penalized for this murder because it was done to protect your being. It’s really not as complex as Dr. Thomson is attempting to make it.

In fact, my key criticism with this paper so far is that it attempts to use moral arguments and appeal to emotion too much. Which is amusing because she began her paper with an accusation of slippery slope arguments. Slippery slope arguments are viable for the purpose of law, moral arguments and appeal to emotion are not.

“The emendation which may be made at this point is this: the right to life consists not in the right not to be killed, but rather in the right not to be killed unjustly […] But if this emendation is accepted, the gap in the argument against abortion stares us plainly in the face: it is by no means enough to show that the fetus is a person, and to remind us that all persons have a right to life–we need to be shown also that killing the fetus violates its right to life, i.e., that abortion is unjust killing. And is it?” – A Defense of Abortion

She asks this question and then drops it. The answer to this question is yes, because it is child abuse. If you accept that unborn children are people, then killing them is murder. Is there a way to justify murder? Certainly, I gave you an example not that long ago. The justification for most abortions is usually something along the lines of “I can’t afford it” or “The father won’t be present”. Is “I can’t afford it” a justification for stealing? I don’t think so. So why would it be a justification for murder? I can’t think of a comparable example for the father not being present but to be honest, I don’t think it’s terribly relevant as it stands. Current laws dictate that the father has no say in the case of abortion, therefore attempting to use the father as an excuse to get an abortion seems to be in poor taste.

“Indeed, in what pregnancy could it be supposed that the mother has given the unborn person such a right? It is not as if there are unborn persons drifting about the world, to whom a woman who wants a child says I invite you in.”” – A Defense of Abortion

Aha, and here we get to where Dr. Thomson loses me. Because sex is an act of reproduction, I view it as an implicit agreement to nature (or God or whatever you want) that you are inviting a child in. Even with contraceptives, you know that there is a non-zero possibility that you may get pregnant. So you are still signing that contract. This is also why I permit abortions in the case of rape. One of the parents did not consent to sex, they did not ‘sign this contract’ and as such the results of that contract are null and void.

So no, Dr. Thomson, unless you can explain to my why sex is not an implicit agreement to have children I cannot buy this fish. One may attempt to argue that the use of contraceptives is proof that this contract is not being signed, but it isn’t. If anything, it’s a stronger affirmation of the contract, because using contraceptives is proof that you know you are signing the contract. You know the mother could get pregnant, so you try to stack the odds in your favour. But you are recognizing the non-zero probability of pregnancy.

“Suppose a woman voluntarily indulges in intercourse, knowing of the chance it will issue in pregnancy, and then she does become pregnant; is she not in part responsible for the presence, in fact the very existence, of the unborn person inside? No doubt she did not invite it in.” – A Defense of Abortion

She did invite it in, by engaging in sex. To prove to me that she did not invite it in, she has to not consent to sex (rape).

“And then, too, it might be asked whether or not she can kill it even to save her own life: If she voluntarily called it into existence, how can she now kill it, even in self-defense?” – A Defense of Abortion

Self-defense would imply the child is intentionally killing you. While I do support this case of abortion, I do recognize that you are presented with an uncomfortable decision here. There will be some contradictions or exceptions in law. I’m not too bothered by that result. So what Dr. Thomson is trying to do is prove that the moral framework through which you oppose abortion is contradictory, but I’ve yet to be presented with a framework without contradictions. So she serves only to prove the obvious?

“Opponents of abortion […] have tended to overlook the possible support they might gain from making out that the fetus is dependent on the mother, in order to establish that she has a special kind of responsibility for it, a responsibility that gives it rights against her which are not possessed by any independent person […]

On the other hand, this argument would give the unborn person a right to its mother’s body only if her pregnancy resulted from a voluntary act, undertaken in full knowledge of the chance a pregnancy might result from it. It would leave out entirely the unborn person whose existence is due to rape.” – A Defense of Abortion

Exactly. So she comes to the natural conclusion that aborting rape pregnancies (which make up a very  minute amount of abortions) is acceptable. Next she’ll attempt to make it a difficult issue by using some false equivalences.

“If the room is stuffy, and I therefore open a window to air it, and a burglar climbs in, it would be absurd to say, “Ah, now he can stay, she’s given him a right to the use of her house–for she is partially responsible for his presence there, having voluntarily done what enabled him to get in, in full knowledge that there are such things as burglars, and that burglars burgle.” It would be still more absurd to say this if I had had bars installed outside my windows, precisely to prevent burglars from getting in, and a burglar got in only because of a defect in the bars. It remains equally absurd if we imagine it is not a burglar who climbs in, but an innocent person who blunders or falls in.”  – A Defense of Abortion 

The first half of this is a clear false equivalence because burglars choose to burgle. No one chooses to be conceived (as far as we know). While there is some merit in the latter half, a blunder, it makes you think. Suppose we do permit a forceful ejection from the home in question. Would it be acceptable if murder were the method? In the case of the burglar, it may be argued that it is fine to murder them in self-defense and indeed many do in several states like Michigan using ‘stand my ground’ laws. But we’ve already shown the burglar to be a false equivalency, so it’s a moot point. In the case of an accidental fall in, would you murder this person to get them out of your home? If you can honestly say yes, then sure. You may adopt the pro-abortion position.

“Again, suppose it were like this: people-seeds drift about in the air like pollen, and if you open your windows, one may drift in and take root in your carpets or upholstery. You don’t want children, so you fix up your windows with fine mesh screens, the very best you can buy. As can happen, however, and on very, very rare occasions does happen, one of the screens is defective, and a seed drifts in and takes root. Does the person-plant who now develops have a right to the use of your house?” – A Defense of Abortion

I actually prefer this example because it’s the closest to reality but ultimately it’s absurd. This is (loosely) an accurate representation of sex. We actually have to make some final adjustments to make the metaphor work. First, we have to accept that the seeds, when implanted have all of the rights afforded to humans (and the knowledge of this prior to opening the window). Second, sex is opening the window (even with the mesh) during a particularly windy day. Once we adopt both of the changes to make the metaphor work, we arrive at the same conclusion as before, an implicit agreement to care for any seeds that may sprout.

Dr. Thomson is pretty much done at this point, she makes an argument that we shouldn’t have laws in black and white (I agree) so I won’t go any further.

Conclusion:

I honestly cannot see why this paper was lauded as it was. It completely misses the mark in regards to good arguments and serves only to tell us that which we already know: morality is filled with contradictions, superceding rights are a difficult issue, and that law requires nuance. The arguments she presents with regards to who has what rights are often followed with false equivalences or absurd comparisons. Largely, she has appealed to emotion. Starting with her assumption that the fetus is a human with human rights, we arrive at the conclusion that abortion is impermissible with two (known) exceptions. But I suppose that’s just my opinion. I’m sorry that this post was so long and if you’ve made it here, well done.Thanks for reading.

Artemis Hunt

 

Revisiting Abortion